It Takes More Than a Village: The Decline of the Community Bank

by Bart Narter, January 29, 2009
Industry Trends
North America

Abstract

The past 15 years have shown unprecedented concentration in the commercial banking space in the US, with banks with more than $10 billion in assets gaining deposit share in a dramatic way. In 1995, the top 5 banks had 11% deposit share; today, they have nearly 40%. On the other end of the scale, the number of banks with under $100 million in assets dropped by 5,410 from 1992 to 2008.

In a new report, It Takes More Than a Village: The Decline of the Community Bank, Celent looks at trends in banks by asset category and delves into the underlying causes of the decline of community banks. The report also examines the concentration of deposits at the top of the pyramid.

Banking is a more complex business than it was 20 years ago. As a result, small banks have been experiencing an increasing cost disadvantage. Deposit gathering is a scale business and the largest banks understand that and are exploiting it up to FDIC limits. 

"The difference in efficiency ratios between the smallest banks and the largest ones has grown from nil to over 20%," says Bart Narter, senior vice president of Celent’s Banking Group and author of the report. "This gap has been steadily increasing over time, and it will continue to increase. The world is only getting more complex. Regulatory burdens increase. Channels proliferate. Small banks are overwhelmed."

This report first examines bank counts and then the efficiency ratios that measure cost. It then looks at banks’ deposit gathering by asset category and finally follows the top five banks and how they have merged, acquired, and evolved to obtain nearly 40% deposit share.

Celent is a research and advisory firm dedicated to helping financial institutions formulate comprehensive business and technology strategies. Celent publishes reports identifying trends and best practices in financial services technology and conducts consulting engagements for financial institutions looking to use technology to enhance existing business processes or launch new business strategies. With a team of internationally based analysts, Celent is uniquely positioned to offer strategic advice and market insights on a global basis. Celent is a member of the Oliver Wyman Group, which is a wholly-owned operating unit of Marsh & McLennan Companies [NYSE: MMC].

Media Contacts

North America
Michele Pace
mpace@celent.com
Tel: +1 212 345 1366

Europe (London)
Chris Williams
cwilliams@celent.com
Tel: +44 (0)782 448 3336

Asia (Tokyo)
Yumi Nagaoka
ynagaoka@celent.com
Tel.: +81 3 3500 3023

Table of Contents

Executive Summary3
Bank Count: A Closer Look5
Efficiency Ratios6
Deposits at Commercial Banks15
Conclusions26

 

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