Fixed Income Trading in Brazil: Long Road to E-Trading

Industry Trends
Latin America

Abstract

Electronic trading in Brazil is still nascent. The biggest challenge is to achieve a level of liquidity and competition in the secondary fixed income markets that makes electronic trading more efficient and economical.

In the report Fixed Income Trading in Brazil: Long Road to E-Trading, Celent analyzes the development of the market, with a focus on the evolution of electronic trading.

The Brazilian corporate bond market is one-sided; bond holders hold their positions to maturity, which means that there is limited liquidity and trading in the secondary markets. However, the government bond market is more mature. The average daily trading volume in government bonds is around 15 times that of corporate bonds. Celent estimates that electronic trading accounted for 5.7% of the total secondary market trading volumes in government bonds, and 2.4% of the total trading volumes in corporate bonds in 2012. Trading in Brazilian fixed income is also highly concentrated, with the top six players accounting for more than half of the total fixed income trading. Domestic banks are dominant, with a large retail customer base.

The interest rate derivatives market in Brazil is highly liquid. The average daily turnover of interest rate futures was around US$65 billion, compared to around $5.3 billion in government bonds and around $400 million in corporate bonds in 2012. It is interesting that among emerging market economies, Brazil’s derivatives market is mostly listed, with exchange-traded derivatives making up around 95% of derivatives trading activity.

“The Brazilian fixed income market has significant ground to make up before trading firms are able to realize the advantages of investing in electronic trading technologies,” says Muralidhar Dasar, Analyst with Celent’s Securities and Investments Group and author of the report. “Increased competition in secondary bond markets should provide the required impetus for faster adoption of electronic trading in bond markets.”

“A liquid secondary market will expand the capacity to raise debt and make meaningful hedging possible,” says Axel Pierron, Senior Vice President with Celent’s Securities and Investments Group and coauthor of the report. “As the secondary market expands and deepens, it could create a suitable environment where transacting electronically would be more meaningful.”

The report begins with an overview of the Brazilian fixed income market and analyzes the trading behavior in fixed income instruments. The report then examines electronic trading, in view of the global regulatory changes and greater technology facilitation in developed markets, and evaluates the potential for growth of electronic trading in Brazil.

Celent is a research and advisory firm dedicated to helping financial institutions formulate comprehensive business and technology strategies. Celent publishes reports identifying trends and best practices in financial services technology and conducts consulting engagements for financial institutions looking to use technology to enhance existing business processes or launch new business strategies. With a team of internationally based analysts, Celent is uniquely positioned to offer strategic advice and market insights on a global basis. Celent is a member of the Oliver Wyman Group, which is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Marsh & McLennan Companies [NYSE: MMC].

Media Contacts

North America
Michele Pace
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Tel: +1 212 345 1366

Europe (London)
Chris Williams
cwilliams@celent.com
Tel: +44 (0)782 448 3336

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Table of Contents

Executive Summary

1

Introduction

2

Overview of the Brazilian Fixed Income Market

3

 

Market Structure

3

 

Corporate Bond Market

4

 

Government Bond Market

6

 

Fixed Income Derivatives Market

7

Brazilian Fixed Income as an Investment

9

 

Investment Patterns

9

 

Domestic Participation in Brazilian Fixed Income

10

 

Foreign Participation in Brazilian Fixed Income

11

Electronic Trading

13

 

The Global Context

13

 

Electronic Trading in Brazilian Fixed Income

13

Conclusion

19

Leveraging Celent’s Expertise

20

 

Support for Financial Institutions

20

 

Support for Vendors

20

Related Celent Research

21

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